Nose Bleeding - Types, Common Causes, Manage And Prevent
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Nose Bleeding

What Is Nose Bleeding?


Nosebleeding, medically known as ‘Epistaxis,’ is a common condition that involves bleeding of the nose from inside. There are many blood vessels inside the nose which are fragile and can easily bleed. Nosebleeds can be heavy or light and it may last for a few seconds or can exceed to 15 minutes and even more. Many people however may experience occasional nosebleeds, particularly young children and older adults. Nosebleeds sometimes might indicate a serious medical problem, but in most cases, it can often be treated at home with little extra care. Nevertheless, a physician should check certain symptoms, such as frequent nosebleeds that occur more than once a week.

What Are The Types Of Nosebleeds?

Typically, there are two types of nosebleeds, anterior nosebleed, and posterior nosebleed. An anterior nosebleed happens when the blood vessels located in front of the nose break and bleed. On the other hand, a posterior nosebleed occurs in the back or the deepest part of the nose. In the posterior nosebleed, blood flows down to the back of the throat. Such cases might be a matter of concern.

What Causes Nosebleeds?

There are various reasons for nose bleed & identifying the exact cause of its occurrence is sometimes very difficult. Fortunately, most cases of sudden or infrequent nosebleeds are not serious. Although, if frequent nosebleeds occur, it might indicate an underlying cause which should be discussed with an ENT specialist.

Generally, dry air is the most common cause of nosebleeds. Hot, low-humidity climates or heated indoor air can cause dry air conditions. Living in such dry conditions can dry out the nasal membrane (the delicate tissue inside your nose) making it crusty or cracked. This can lead to nosebleed while blowing the nose or when it’s rubbed or picked.

The majority of nosebleeds are anterior nosebleeds. Common causes of anterior nosebleeds include:

  • Acute sinusitis
  • Common cold
  • A foreign object stuck in the nose
  • Injury to the nose and/or face
  • Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis
  • Blood-thinning drugs
  • Chemical irritants
  • Cocaine and other drugs, when inhaled through the nose
  • High altitudes
  • Frequent use of nasal sprays and medications
  • Deviated septum (a condition of abnormal shape of the wall that separates the two sides of the nose)

Other, less common causes include:

  • Alcohol use
  • High blood pressure
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Facial and nasal surgery
  • Nasal tumors
  • Leukemia
  • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
  • Pregnancy

Most nosebleeds can be taken care of at home and might not require medical attention. However, if the nosebleed lasts longer than 20 minutes or occurs after an injury, one should seek medical advise. Such cases may be a sign of a posterior nosebleed, which can be serious.

How To Manage Nosebleed At Home?

Simple steps can be followed to manage a nosebleed at home

  • First, sit down and firmly pinch the soft part of the nose, just above the nostrils, for at least 10-15 minutes
  • Next, lean forward and breathe through the mouth – this will help drain blood into the nose instead of flowing down to the back of the throat
  • Then place an ice pack on the bridge of the nose
  • One should stay upright rather than lying down as this helps reduce the blood pressure in the blood vessels of the nose and will halt further bleeding
  • If the bleeding doesn’t stop after these steps or in the case of a posterior nosebleed, seek medical help immediately.

How To Prevent Nosebleeds?

Several ways can help prevent nosebleeds, including:

  • Use of humidifier in the house to keep the air moist
  • Avoid nose picking
  • Limit intake of blood-thinning drugs
  • Use of saline spray or gel to keep the nasal passages moist


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Data Sources:

  • https://www.healthline.com/health/nosebleed
  • https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/13464-nosebleed-epistaxis#:~:text=Simply%20put%2C%20a%20nosebleed%20is,one%20nosebleed%20in%20their%20lifetime.
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/164823




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Nose Bleeding - Types, Common Causes, Manage And Prevent
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Nose Bleeding - Types, Common Causes, Manage And Prevent
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Nosebleeding, medically known as 'Epistaxis,' is a common condition that involves bleeding of the nose from inside. There are many blood vessels inside the nose which are fragile and can easily bleed.
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HOD
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