Nosebleeding, medically known as ‘Epistaxis,’ is a common condition that involves bleeding of the nose from inside. There are many blood vessels inside the nose which are fragile and can easily bleed. Nosebleeds can be heavy or light and it may last for a few seconds or can exceed to 15 minutes and even more. Many people however may experience occasional nosebleeds, particularly young children and older adults. Nosebleeds sometimes might indicate a serious medical problem, but in most cases, it can often be treated at home with little extra care. Nevertheless, a physician should check certain symptoms, such as frequent nosebleeds that occur more than once a week.
Typically, there are two types of nosebleeds, anterior nosebleed, and posterior nosebleed. An anterior nosebleed happens when the blood vessels located in front of the nose break and bleed. On the other hand, a posterior nosebleed occurs in the back or the deepest part of the nose. In the posterior nosebleed, blood flows down to the back of the throat. Such cases might be a matter of concern.
There are various reasons for nose bleed & identifying the exact cause of its occurrence is sometimes very difficult. Fortunately, most cases of sudden or infrequent nosebleeds are not serious. Although, if frequent nosebleeds occur, it might indicate an underlying cause which should be discussed with an ENT specialist.
Generally, dry air is the most common cause of nosebleeds. Hot, low-humidity climates or heated indoor air can cause dry air conditions. Living in such dry conditions can dry out the nasal membrane (the delicate tissue inside your nose) making it crusty or cracked. This can lead to nosebleed while blowing the nose or when it’s rubbed or picked.
The majority of nosebleeds are anterior nosebleeds. Common causes of anterior nosebleeds include:
Other, less common causes include:
Most nosebleeds can be taken care of at home and might not require medical attention. However, if the nosebleed lasts longer than 20 minutes or occurs after an injury, one should seek medical advise. Such cases may be a sign of a posterior nosebleed, which can be serious.
Simple steps can be followed to manage a nosebleed at home
Several ways can help prevent nosebleeds, including:
Medical Tests and Health Checkups Available At House of Diagnostics (HOD).