Hemoglobin is a protein present in the red blood cells (RBC). RBCs plays a significant role in carrying oxygen in the body. In addition to the transportation of oxygen, Hemoglobin also carries carbon dioxide out of the cells to the lungs. The carbon dioxide is then removed out of the lungs as we exhale. Having low Hemoglobin can affect these functions. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a normal range of Hemoglobin in the blood.
The normal ranges for hemoglobin in the blood depend on the age and, beginning in adolescence, the gender of the person. We mentioned below the normal range of hemoglobin in blood for men and women.
An individual may have low Hemoglobin due to the following causes:
An individual with low Hemoglobin levels may increase its range by eating some iron and folate-rich diet. Iron work as a booster for the production of hemoglobin, which also helps to produce more red blood cells.
Folate is a type of vitamin B that plays an essential role in the production of hemoglobin. Our body uses folate to produce heme (a component in Hemoglobin that carries oxygen).
If a person is not getting folate in an adequate amount, their RBCs will not be able to mature, leading to folate-deficiency anemia and reduced Hemoglobin level.
To get enough folate, the following items are suggested:
Spinach, rice, lettuce, peanuts, black-eyed beans, kidney beans, avocadoes, sprouts, etc.
Taking the iron-rich diet and supplements is essential, but it is equally important to help your body absorb that iron. Vitamin C has the capability to boost the absorption of iron in the body. Therefore, it is important to eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C like oranges, lemon, strawberries, grapes, bell pepper, papaya, tomatoes, etc.
Vitamin C is very beneficial for growth and repairing the tissues in the body. It also plays a vital role in making collagen. Collagen is an essential protein to make skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and blood vessels. It also works as a strong antioxidant, which boosts the immune system.
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