Hemoglobin Levels (Ranges): Low Hemoglobin and High Hemoglobin
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Hemoglobin Levels (Ranges): Low Hemoglobin and High Hemoglobin


Hemoglobin Levels

Hemoglobin is a protein present in the red blood cells (RBC). RBCs plays a significant role in carrying oxygen in the body. In addition to the transportation of oxygen, Hemoglobin also carries carbon dioxide out of the cells to the lungs. The carbon dioxide is then removed out of the lungs as we exhale. Having low Hemoglobin can affect these functions. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a normal range of Hemoglobin in the blood.

Normal Range For Hemoglobin?

The normal ranges for hemoglobin in the blood depend on the age and, beginning in adolescence, the gender of the person. We mentioned below the normal range of hemoglobin in blood for men and women.

  • For Men― 13.5 to 17.5 g/dL
  • For Women― 12 to 15.5 g/dL


What are the Consequences of Low Hemoglobin?

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Headache
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Poor appetite
  • Muscle weakness
  • Swelling in hands and feet
  • Weakness
  • Pale skin
  • Dizziness


What are the Causes of Low Hemoglobin?

An individual may have low Hemoglobin due to the following causes:


How to Increase Hemoglobin Levels?

An individual with low Hemoglobin levels may increase its range by eating some iron and folate-rich diet. Iron work as a booster for the production of hemoglobin, which also helps to produce more red blood cells.


1. Include iron-rich items in the diet

  • Legumes – Chickpeas, lentils, kidney beans, Lima beans, etc.
  • Grains – Brown rice, oatmeal, certified cereals, etc.
  • Vegetables – Spinach, tofu, broccoli, green peas, tomatoes, bell pepper, cauliflower, beans, etc.
  • Fruits – Beetroot, pomegranate, apple, watermelon, apricot, oranges, papaya, peach, kiwi, etc.

2 Increase folate intake

Folate is a type of vitamin B that plays an essential role in the production of hemoglobin. Our body uses folate to produce heme (a component in Hemoglobin that carries oxygen).

If a person is not getting folate in an adequate amount, their RBCs will not be able to mature, leading to folate-deficiency anemia and reduced Hemoglobin level.

To get enough folate, the following items are suggested:

Spinach, rice, lettuce, peanuts, black-eyed beans, kidney beans, avocadoes, sprouts, etc.

3 Maximizing iron absorption

Taking the iron-rich diet and supplements is essential, but it is equally important to help your body absorb that iron. Vitamin C has the capability to boost the absorption of iron in the body. Therefore, it is important to eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C like oranges, lemon, strawberries, grapes, bell pepper, papaya, tomatoes, etc.


What Does Vitamin C Do to Blood?

Vitamin C is very beneficial for growth and repairing the tissues in the body. It also plays a vital role in making collagen. Collagen is an essential protein to make skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and blood vessels. It also works as a strong antioxidant, which boosts the immune system.


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Data Sources:

  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321530

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Hemoglobin Levels (Ranges): Low Hemoglobin and High Hemoglobin
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Hemoglobin Levels (Ranges): Low Hemoglobin and High Hemoglobin
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The hemoglobin level (HB) is expressed as the amount of hemoglobin in grams per deciliter (dL) of whole blood, a deciliter being 100 milliliters. The normal ranges for hemoglobin depend on the age and, beginning in adolescence, the gender of the person. The normal range for hemoglobin is: For men, 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter. For women, 12.0 to 15.5 grams per deciliter
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