Ultrasound: Purpose, Uses, Procedure, Risks and Costs.
Understanding the Ultrasound
An Ultrasound is a Test procedure in which high frequency sound waves (sonar and radio technology) are used to create ‘pictures’ of the inside of the body. Sonography refers to a medical test that is conducted with the help of an Ultrasound Device. Apart from being safe, an Ultrasound is also a painless and generally affordable process – making it popular with both patients and the medical fraternity. Ultrasound images are engineered in ‘real time’, and let us see both the structure of our internal organs as well as the function (that is, the movement) of our blood vessels. While it has various kinds of medical uses and health applications, an Ultrasound is perhaps the most popular and preferred Test used to monitor the development of the fetus in a pregnant women. An individual doesn’t normally have to go through any special preparation to taken an Ultrasound Test. For smokers who are above the age of 65, an abdominal Ultrasound Test may be a wise course of action even if there are no other overt symptom of illness or discomfort.
List of Body Part Wise Ultrasound Price In Delhi NCR, India
An Ultrasound is a Test that is normally advised for the diagnosis, guidance and treatment of procedures such as Biopsies. An Ultrasound is also very frequently used to evaluate the condition of organs in our abdomen, such as liver, gall bladder, kidney, pancreas, thyroid, spleen, ovaries and testes. An Ultrasound can help diagnose the health of our muscles, joints, tendons, blood vessels and soft tissues as well. An Ultrasound is also advised in cases as an investigative step in the treatment of conditions such as tennis elbow, carpal tunnel syndrome and frozen shoulders. Ultrasound Tests can, in addition, aid in the diagnosis and detection of tumors, cysts and lumps which may be of a cancerous origin or nature. Here are some of the common reasons for doing an Ultrasound Test:
Ultrasound for the Circulatory System (Blood Related):
Assess blood pressure – ie, speed and even direction of the flow of blood – and the presence of obstacles in the path, if any.
Evaluate the health of the cardiac valves of the heart, investigate related functions (such as the power and force in which the heart is pumping blood), blood leakage from values and valvular regurgitation.
Assess the extent of clots and plaque build-up.
Check whether arteries have narrowed at any point.
Study the condition of blood vessel walls.
Evaluate the extent of DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) – a serious condition where blood clots happen inside the veins in the thigh, lower leg, pelvis or arms.
Study the development, if any, of Aneurysm – a condition where an artery undergoes enlargement and consequently the artery walls become weak.
Ultrasound in Cases of Emergency and in Emergency Medicine:
Ultrasound technology is often employed in the area of emergency medicine to diagnose and study a variety of conditions, such as:
Fluid build-up inside the heart (such as pericardial tamponade).
Leakage of blood in the abdomen – a condition known as hemoperitoneum.
Ultrasound for the Abdomen:
Ultrasound technology is often employed by Gastroenterologists to get a better visibility of the condition of certain organs inside the abdomen, such as the liver, gall bladder, kidney, bile ducts, spleen, aorta, pancreas and inferior vena cava.
An Ultrasound Test can also help doctors and medical practitioners in cholecystitis – the test evaluates (the progress of) or investigates (the presence of) possible gall stones or inflammation of the gall bladder.
Doctors also rely upon Ultrasound Tests to check for the presence of Appendicitis – a condition in which the appendix is inflamed or swollen.
An Ultrasound Test can be employed to understand the amount of residual urine in the bladder after the act of urination is done. It can also be used to indetify any growth or stones in the urinary system.
Ultrasound in the Pelvic Region:
There are two kinds of Pelvic sonographies – internal and external. In males, an internal sonogram is conducted via insertion through the rectum. In females, the insertion happens via the vagina.
A Pelvic Ultrasound is helpful in providing information about the uterus, ovaries or the prostate gland. It can also aid in the detection and monitoring of various testicular cancer conditions.
An Ultrasound scan of the pelvic floor is done to gauge the degree of advancement or condition of a pelvic prolapse, obstructed defecation or incontinence.
Ultrasound of the Musculoskeletal System:
The power of Ultrasound Technology is often leveraged by doctors and professionals to evaluate and examine the health of bone surfaces, ligaments, nerves, soft tissue mass, muscles and tendons.
Obstetric and childbirth related Ultrasound Tests:
Ultrasound Technology is increasingly being used today in the area of prenatal care to understand and evaluate the development and health of fetus or embryo in the uterus. By shedding light and clarity on their condition, Ultrasound Tests are helping doctors and medical professionals gain never-before insights and make never-before headways in the care and treatment of pregnancy and its various stages of progress – particularly if the mother is overweight or obese. In this procedure, the Transducer or Probe is placed on the mother’s abdomen – and sometimes in the vagina. On the other hand, there is a kind of technology known as Doppler Sonography that can deliver information on any possible abnormality in the heart and blood vessels, and also helps us gain clarity on fetal heartbeat.
Ultrasound Tests for Newborns:
An Ultrasound Test can be performed on a newborn or infant as well. The procedure is done by placing the Probe on the Fontanelle – that is, the soft portion right on top of the baby’s cranium (skull). With time, of course, this soft portion will grow smaller and smaller in size, causing the picture quality and image clarity to diminish gradually as well. A Fontanelle Ultrasound is useful for evaluating anomalies in the baby’s brain.
What is the Procedure of an Ultrasound?
An Ultrasound Test usually takes place in the Radiology section of a hospital or nursing home, but it can also be conducted at an outpatient clinic or on the premises of a doctor’s chamber or office. The test is carried out by a doctor or an Ultrasonologist who has been specially trained for the purpose.
A bladder that is full of water is able to generate better pictures or images of the uterus and other organs (as air is a bad conductor of ultrasound and makes the scan a failure). Therefore, in the case of an Ultrasound for a woman who is pregnant and individuals for lower abdomen ultrasound, plenty of water must be drunk – and the individual must be careful not to urinate for some time before the Test.
In the case of an External Ultrasound, the Transducer is placed over the part of the body (for example, the heart or the abdomen) that needs to be studied and has been administered a lubricating gel before-hand for this purpose. This process is usually free of any kind of pain or discomfort.
In the case of an Internal Ultrasound where the ovaries or urinary organs need to be studied in greater detail, the Transducer (a wand like instrument described earlier) is inserted into the rectum (the process is called Endorectal Transducer, in the case of males) or the vagina (the process is called Endovaginal Transducer, in the case of females). These studies can be routinely performed in approved outpatient clinics.
A specialised and newer study uses a Transesophageal Transducer, on its part, in cases where the esophagus or thorax (chest cavity) is being studied, and is ‘inserted’ into the body by passing it down the patient’s throat. This is known as TEE (Trans-esophageal Ultrasound) and is generally conducted in specialist settings. In cases where the digestive system is ‘under the scanner’, so to speak, an endoscope may be employed known as Endoscopy Ultrasound (EUS). There are also some kinds of Transducers that can be placed onto the end of a catheter and inserted into blood vessels – used in cases when the walls of blood vessels need to be evaluated known as Intravascular Ultrasound or Endovascular Ultrasound). Internal Ultrasounds may involve a slight degree of discomfort or pain, and sometimes internal bleeding. The patient may be administered appropriate medication to alleviate the pain and are usually conducted in specialist settings.
Are there Risks or Side Effects Involved in a Sonography (or Ultrasound Test)?
An Ultrasound is considered ‘safe’ because it makes the use of sound waves or ‘echo principles’ to produce the image, instead of X-Ray or radiation. Usually, with the exception of temporary discomfort or mild bleeding (in the cases of an ‘internal Sonography), an Ultrasound Test carries no risk or side-effects.
How Much Does an Ultrasound Test Price?
House of Diagnostics offers affordable and quick Ultrasound Tests to ensure your preparedness against ailments and the general well-being of your health. You can book a Test for yourself – or someone else who needs help – in just a few clicks here.
Diagnostics Tests And Path Lab facilities Available At House of Diagnostics (HOD).
Ultrasound: Purpose, Uses, Procedure, Risks and Costs | HOD
Read more about Ultrasound test, procedure, purpose, Risks and Ultrasound price in Delhi NCR. An ultrasound scan is a medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture live images from the inside of your body.