The term ‘FNAC Test’ stands for Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology. FNAC Tests – normally safe, quick and relatively inexpensive procedures – are done to study and examine masses or lumps under the surface of the skin (such as in the head or neck), salivary glands, thyroid glands or other organs of the body. An FNAC Test is a Minor Surgical Procedure and considered quite safe and painless – with no untoward sensations or complications except a pinch-like feeling, light soreness or bruise, and with minimal probabilities of trauma. FNAC Tests are often deployed so that a major surgical procedure – or hospitalization – can be avoided. It is possible that an FNAC Test may not offer full or clear clarity, in which case the medical professional may opt for another biopsy or more tests. costs of a CBT Test here.
An FNAC Test is conducted by inserting a thin (24 gauge approximately), hollow needle to extract cells from the ‘affected area’ for the purpose of sampling. The extracted cells will then undergo a staining process and be examined under a microscope – a methodology called Biopsy. An FNAC Test typically refers to a combination of both the steps – that is, sampling and biopsy. FNAC may at times be referred to as a Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB). When one uses the term FNAC (instead of FNAB), it means that the aspiration biopsy doesn’t involve histopathology – instead, it involves cytopathology. When the presence of a lump has been unequivocally established (that is, proven beyond doubt), the FNAC Test may be conducted by a surgeon or a cytopathologist. In other cases, it may be handled by a Interventional Radiologist – a doctor with training in performing similar biopsy produces under ultra-sound or X-Ray guidance.
There can be multiple reasons why a doctor or a medical professional may opt for an FNAC Test. Indeed, FNAC Tests are regularly employed in the treatment and diagnosis of inflammatory conditions and cancer. Here are some of the more common reasons why FNAC Tests are done:
An FNAC Test may be recommended when a mass of tissue or a lump – of a dubious or questionable nature – has been detected under the skin.
An FNAC Test may also be done when a tumor is being treated and an FNAC Test is expected to provide insights on progress.
An FNACT Test may be conducted to obtain tissue mass for detailed investigation on an ongoing tumor condition.
An FNAC Test doesn’t need much preparation such as fasting. There are, however, certain steps precautions that are advisable to take. For instance, a routine blood test must be done to check BP (Blood Pressure), temperature, pulse rate and other basic health parameters. One must also share relevant information with the medical professional, doctor or primary care physician (who is handling this), such as:
Whether one has taken any tests where radioactive materials were involved in the last month or so.
Whether one is on any kind of medication –for example, blood thinners, thyroid hormones, anti-thyroid medication, aspirin, anti-inflammatories or similar elements.
In a Breast FNAC Test, a thin, hollow needle – attached to a syringe – is used to retrieve (aspirate) some tissue or fluid as a biopsy sample from the area in consideration. The sample is subsequently checked for the presence of cancer cells.
An FNAC Test is conducted with the patient lying on the back, and the overall procedure takes no more than 20 minutes. In certain cases, the medical professional handling the process may opt for local anesthesia to help the patient relax.
An FNAC Test for the breasts is usually completely safe. One may experience some side-effects such as bruising, swelling, soreness, infection or an altered appearance, but most of these will be temporary. In cases where the sample is extracted from the lining of the womb or the cervix, light vaginal bleeding may follow. In a few Breast FNAC Test cases, an incision may need to be stitched up with dressing after the procedure is over.
Some of the common symptoms or indicators why a breast FNAC Test may be recommended by a healthcare or medical professional are:
An FNAC Test may be prescribed to investigate a lump, bump or swollen-ness around the breasts. The lump may have been detected during the course of a physical examination, mammogram or breast ultrasound. A FNAC may be suggested in such cases as a cost-intelligent, pre-operative evaluation Test to avoid unnecessary surgery. It must be noted that a lump on the breast by itself is usually not an indication of breast cancer, and most breast lumps turn out non-cancerous.
If you are going to have a breast FNAC Test, you may be required to fill in a consent form. It is important to inform the doctor or medical professional about any allergies or medication that you may be currently under before you take an FNAC Test for the breasts. There are certain situations when eating or drinking certain types of food of drink may be prohibited before an FNAC Test, and one must consult a doctor or professional for complete clarity regarding this. If one is pregnant, that needs to be informed in advance as well, as an FNACT Test is not considered safe for unborn babies. It is also a good idea to wear a bra to the Test, since it may help support the ice-pack that may be provided if there is a temporary pain or itch after the procedure.
In most Breast FNAC cases, the patient is usually free to leave as soon as the procedure is over. If the sample has been extracted from an organ such as the kidney or liver, the patient may be required to take rest for a few hours post the procedure.
House of Diagnostics offers affordable and quick FNAC Tests to ensure your preparedness against ailments and general well-being of your health. You can book a Consultation and Test for yourself – or someone else who needs help – in just a few clicks here.
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