Understanding the Symptoms of Obesity, Prevention & Treatment
Is Obesity a disease or a condition?
There is still some debate in the medical community about this. And that’s largely because the term disease itself is too wide, and open to a variety of interpretation. Some organizations like the World Health Organization and the American Medical Association consider obesity to be a disease. The logic is that there are certain diseases (such as Hypothyroidism) that lead to weight gain too, and so there’s no reason why obesity shouldn’t be considered a disease too. On the other hand, those who insist that obesity is a condition, say that there is no clear and precise way to measure or calculate obesity (a necessary condition for disease), that certain factors like heredity cannot be controlled (even with medical treatment) and that lifestyle & diet changes alone can sometimes be sufficient to ‘cure’ obesity (which, then, cannot make it technically a disease).
What are the effects and symptoms of obesity?
While the first few kilograms of extra fat won’t matter much health-wise, once they keep piling on, they will bring with them distress and unease in various forms. Some of the changes being overweight or obese brings into your life and lifestyle may not be apparent at first – such as a rise in blood pressure, increased cholesterol or diabetes – making the malady even more dangerous.
Some of the symptoms of being overweight and obese are:
Sweating more than usual
Snoring at night
Feeling of exhaustion after physical activity
Feeling of fatigue and tiredness all day
Mental issues such as low self esteem – with in turn can cause harm professionally and in the sphere of personal relationships
How to prevent and control obesity in children?
India has the second highest number of obese children in the world, right after China. Prevention of obesity should begin in early childhood, since the condition can get a lot harder to treat later on in life. Sometimes, it’s not apparent that a child is overweight, and this is where a professional check of his or her BMI becomes important.
The concept of controlling obesity revolves around the idea of weight management. For kids and children, preventing obesity is all about:
Breast-feeding infants – this is been proven to keep obesity in check
Regulating potion size during mealtimes
Ensuring they eat only when hungry
Eating healthy foods as a family
Drinking more water (instead of sweetened drinks, juices and shakes)
Checking the habit of eating-out too frequently – and controlling the kind of food that’s ordered at a restaurant.
Developing healthy habits like regulated mealtimes, ensuring adequate sleep, controlling time spent on TV and video games and making sure children get plenty of outdoor exercise
Setting a role model as an adult
How to prevent and control obesity in adults?
Controlling obesity is vital, since it can lead to critical problems if left unchecked. For adults, obesity and becoming overweight can be kept at bay via:
Eating whole foods (such as whole wheat bread and brown rice) instead of processed food (such as saturated fat, white sugar and refined flour)
Including plenty of fruits and vegetables in one’s daily diet
Controlling portion size
Avoiding food with high ‘energy density’ (ie, a high calorie count packed inside a relatively small quantity of food) such as cheese, sweets, desserts, chocolates, sugary drinks and fried foods
Exercising regularly – whether it is brisk walking, jogging, skipping, aerobics, outdoor sports or just a quick walk around the workplace premises once every 2 hours
Following a diet and calorie chart prepared by professional nutritionists or dieticians
Watching one’s weight regularly and taking precautions instantly if weight increases
Consulting a behaviour counsellor.
What are the tests and treatments for treating obesity?
Obesity treatment comprises a physical check-up, a study of medical and weight history, an appraisal of weight loss efforts and results, mental tests, measurement of heart and pressure levels, calculating BMI and so on. Depending on the results, the physician or test centre may prescribe an appropriate treatment.
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